निकेल (Ni)

साभान्म गुणधभ

प्रर्ीक Ni
ऩयभाणुक्रभाॊक 28
ऩयभाणुबाय 58.6934
सभूह
10 (ननकर पैमभर)
VIIIA (IUPAC), VIII (CAS)
Solid, Ferromagnetic, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
अिथध 4
खडॊ d

ऊजाा

विद्मुर््ऋणात्भकर्ा 1.9 (ऩॉमरगॊ भाऩक्रभ)
इरेक्रान फॊधर्ु ा 112 kJ/mol
प्रथभ आमनन ऊजा 737 kJ/mol
2रा Ionization Energy 1753.0 kJ/mol
3रा Ionization Energy 3395 kJ/mol
4था Ionization Energy 5300 kJ/mol
5वाँ Ionization Energy 7339 kJ/mol
6ठा Ionization Energy 10400 kJ/mol
7वाँ Ionization Energy 12800 kJ/mol
8वाँ Ionization Energy 15600 kJ/mol
9वाँ Ionization Energy 18600 kJ/mol
10वाँ Ionization Energy 21670 kJ/mol
11वाँ Ionization Energy 30970 kJ/mol
12वाँ Ionization Energy 34000 kJ/mol
13वाँ Ionization Energy 37100 kJ/mol
14वाँ Ionization Energy 41500 kJ/mol
15वाँ Ionization Energy 44800 kJ/mol
16वाँ Ionization Energy 48100 kJ/mol
17वाँ Ionization Energy 55101 kJ/mol
18वाँ Ionization Energy 58570 kJ/mol
19वाँ Ionization Energy 148700 kJ/mol
20वाँ Ionization Energy 159000 kJ/mol
21वाँ Ionization Energy 169400 kJ/mol
22वाँ Ionization Energy 182700 kJ/mol
23वाँ Ionization Energy 194000 kJ/mol
24वाँ Ionization Energy 205600 kJ/mol
25वाँ Ionization Energy 221400 kJ/mol
26वाँ Ionization Energy 231490 kJ/mol
27वाँ Ionization Energy 992718 kJ/mol
28वाँ Ionization Energy 1039668 kJ/mol
विमशष्ट ऊष्भाधारयर्ा 0.444 J g−1 K−1
ऊष्भा चारकर्ा 90.7 W·m−1·K−1

इरेक्रॉन्स औय ऑक्सीकयण

ऑक्सीकयण अिस्थाएॉ +2,3
इरेक्रॉन्स प्रनर् कोश 2 8 16 2
इरेक्रान विन्मास [Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
कऺीम आकृनर
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿ 
↿ 
4s
↿⇂
4p
 
 
 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

येडडमोसकक्रम नह

भाध्मभ

निकेल (Ni)का फोय का ग्रह म भॉडर
Description
Hard, malleable, silvery-white metal. Found in the earth's crust in portions averaging 70 ppm. It can be polished to a lustrous finish. Virtually no corrosion under normal conditions.
Uses
Used in electroplating and metal alloys because of its resistance to corrosion. Also in nickel-cadmium batteries; as a catalyst and for coins.
Sources
Chiefly found in pentlandite [(Ni,Fe)9S8] ore. The metal is produced by heating the ore in a blast furnace which replaces the sulfur with oxygen. The oxides are then treated with an acid that reacts with the iron not the nickel.
Pronounciation (English)
NIK-l

स्थानाॊर्यण

Afrikaans Nikkel
Aragonese Níquel
العربية نيكل
Armãneashte Nichelu
asturianu Níquel
azərbaycan Nikel
български Никел
বাংলা নিকেল
brezhoneg Nikel
bosanski Nikl, ²Nikal
Byelorussian Нікель
Cebuano Nikel
čeština Nikl, Pochvistík†
Chuvash Никель
Cymraeg Níquel
dansk Nikkel
Deutsch Nickel
Ελληνικά Νικελιο
English Nickel
esperanto Nikelo
español Níquel
eesti Nikkel
euskara Nikela
فارسی نیکل
suomi Nikkeli
føroyskt Nikkul
français Nickel
furlan Nichel
Frysk Nikkel
Gaeilge Nicil
Gàidhlig Nicil
galego Níquel
ગુજરાતી નિકલનો
Gaelg Nickyl
Hakka Chinese Ngiap (鎳)
עברית ניקל
हिन्दी निकेल
hrvatski Nikal
magyar Nikkel
հայերեն Նիկել
Indonesia Nikel
íslenska Nikull
italiano Nichelio
日本語 ニッケル
ქართული ნიკელი
کٲشُر Nikel
қазақ тілі Никель
한국어 니켈
kurdî Nîkel
Komi Никель
kernewek Nykel
кыргызча Никель
Latin Niccolum
Lëtzebuergesch Nickel
Lombard Níchel
lingála Nikɛ́li
lietuvių Nikelis
latviešu Niķelis
Mari Никель
Māori Konukōreko
македонски Никел
മലയാളം നിക്കല്
монгол Никель
Мокшан Никиль
Melayu Nikel
Malti Nikil
Nahuatl Iztāctepoztli
Nederlands Nikkel
norsk Nikkel
Occitan Niquèl
ирон Згъæры мыггаг
polski Nikiel
português Níquel
Runasimi Nikil
română Nichel
русский Никель
slovenčina Nikel
slovenščina Nikelj
Samoan Niklimi
Samogitian Nėkelis
shqip Nikel, ²Nikli
српски Никал
Southern Sotho Nikele
svenska Nickel
Kiswahili Nikeli
தமிழ் நிக்கல்
тоҷикӣ Никел
ไทย นิกเกิล
Türkçe Nikel
ئۇيغۇرچە نىكېل
українська Нікель
o‘zbek Nikel
Tiếng Việt Nikel
Võro Nikli
中文

इनर्हास

भें प्राप्र
1751
द्िाया प्राप्र्
Axel Fredrik Cronstedt
ऩय प्राप्र
Sweden
शब्द उत्ऩवि
From the German word "kupfernickel" meaning Devil's copper or St Nicholas's (Old Nick's) copper